Do you "Run SAP like Never Before"?

To Learn.....!! To Share.....!! Keep watching SAP Techno.....!!

“The strategy is to first know what you don’t know, the tactic is to grind, and the value is to remember: there are plenty of places to innovate.” –David Friedberg, founder of Weatherbill(The Climate Corporation)

For our future meetups, Add your details in SAP Techno Contact page

SAP Techno App available free for Android Smartphones : Download

My Tweet Room

Saturday, December 31, 2011

Rapid implementation solutions in 2012.

Rapid implementation solutions are being developed as a way of adding value to large deployments. Are they all they are cracked up to be?

Monday, December 26, 2011

What's new: Easier communication, faster invitations, and better tracking

With the latest release of SAP StreamWork, you'll be able to communicate more easily, invite others more quickly, and track your activities, actions, and agendas more closely. Read on to see how you can:

Tag and track conversations.

Alert others with @mentions.

Invite multiple people quickly.

Add due dates to activities.

Monitor action item completion.

Set agenda schedules more accurately.

Wednesday, December 21, 2011

SAP Solution Manager 7.1

Thursday, December 8, 2011

SAP - Super & Awesome Performer

SAP - Super & Awesome Performer

SAP has been a market leader, if not the market leader in the enterprise resource planning, ERP systems arena for the last three decades. Although the competition is fierce with a lot of new entrants in the market place from large and small vendors over this time, SAP is still a leader in enterprise software.


Its a like parent child relationship

God Father : ERP

Super parent : SAP

Awesome Childs :

The Great Solution Manager
Rapid deployment system(RDS)
Business one
Business All in One
Business By design
SNC(ICH) & etc.,

Therefore I, we will calling as SAP a Super & Awesome Performer

SAP Solutions for Aerospace and Defense

To run a successful Aerospace and Defense manufacturing business in today’s complex marketplace, business leaders must have access to accurate, comprehensive information.

The ability to improve Business Intelligence programs and make decisions based on real-time information is vital to achieve higher margins and meet customer requirements. For companies that have grown through acquisition or have maintained multiple sets of business processes and reporting approaches, the continuing use of different financial, procurement, and supply chain systems can cripple efficiencies by making enterprise-wide visibility and management difficult—if not impossible.

To support rapid organizational change and empower its 35,000 employees, Saudi Arabian Airlines (SAA) needed to consolidate and streamline its HR processes. By deploying the SAP® ERP Human Capital Management (SAP ERP HCM) solution, SAA has transformed its global operation with improved productivity and service. “SAP ERP HCM helps us perform better – for our customers and our employees,” says Hatem Bakheet, human capital management leader at the Customer Center of Expertise (Customer COE) organization at SAA.

The SAP® Business ByDesign™ : Built-in Business Analytics, Services & Support

• Financial and management accounting
• Cash flow management

Customer Relationship Management
• Marketing
• Sales
• Service

Human Resources Management
• Organizational management
• Human resources
• Employee self-service

Supply Chain Management
• Supply chain setup management
• Supply chain planning and control
• Manufacturing, warehousing, and logistics

Project Management

Supplier Relationship Management
• Sourcing
• Purchasing

Compliance Management

Executive Management Support
• Business performance management

SAP Business ByDesign - Access to the right components, at the right time

Because SAP Business ByDesign has been built with a software as a service model, you're able to access all the components as you need them. For example:

For those who are looking for a customizable software tool that allows you to innovate while still creating custom reports, you can choose the components you need to monitor specific areas of your business and easily create those reports.

For those looking for a software solution that will grow with your company but still want to manage costs, the low monthly subscription costs of SAP Business ByDesign allow you to choose business management applications that fit your budget. As your budget grows, simply add more components.

And if you're looking for a secure data infrastructure but you're not ready to install one on site, Software as a service with SAP is hosted in a secure data server with all of your locations connected in.

For growing organizations, knowing that you can readily access the tools you need is critical. A cloud ERP solution like SAP Business ByDesign allows you to get the IT expertise you need without hiring specialized staff and making a big investment in a software you may not need right away.

Benifits of SAP Business ByDesign :

It gives you an overall view of your business. Business ByDesign streamlines and optimizes every area of your organization, providing transparency and control over all your operations so you can make faster, smarter decisions.

It’s on the cloud. Business ByDesign allows you to focus on your business, not IT. SAP manages your software for you, so you get the benefits of a large-scale business application without the need for a large IT infrastructure.

Quick, easy implementation. The adaptable solution provides a solid blueprint for growth in minimal time through unmatched ease of adoption and use.

It’s affordable. You get all the advantages of SAP in a package that fits your needs at predictable cost and low risk.

SAP Training Manuals

Wow! This is a big move for us.

Our SAP Training Manuals are now for sale.

Learn which ones are available, how to buy the manuals, and copyright restrictions.

The careful reader will note that we didn't say much on the website about why we are doing this, and any concerns that we have about possible cannibalization of future training revenue.

As the economy has gone downhill and the recovery has stalled over the last 18 months, corporate IT training has changed rapidly. Companies have slashed travel and training budgets, and training vendors (even SAP and Oracle) are scrambling to figure out what to do next.

What makes sense, in this market, is to offer a number of different educational products--focused on content that can be consumed in a variety of ways, and in pieces smaller than a traditional week-long class with a live instructor.

We have a number of initiatives going on at ERPtips (SAP) and JDEtips (JD Edwards).

In addition to selling our SAP training manuals, we'll be increasing our virtual training offerings, creating eLearning modules for self-study, and creating more videos to supplement our SAP Library, ERPtips Journal.

I consider selling our SAP manuals to be similar to the Journal--offering "bite sized" pieces of learning materials--in this case a lot of "bites" that can be consumed over time.

Will selling our entire set of training materials cannibalize training revenue from future classes? I don't think it will. First, some people just don't have the time or budget to ever attend a class. Second, some clients will be impressed with the level of material covered and will realize just how valuable attending a class would be. At a class you get a lot more--especially the opportunity to interact with a senior instructor/consultant who has many years of implementation experience, plus the interaction with other students who have a lot of good ideas to contribute as well.

I recently licensed some eLearning content to learn Adobe Captivate. It was about 8 hours of eLearning (ironically, to learn how to use an eLearning development software package) and I made it through about half. But that was all I really needed to get started using the software. I still have access to the learning content and plan to go back and review it over time, as I need to learn additional features. That said, I really want to take a live class now so I can perfect my skills and ask the instructor a load of question I know have that have had the opportunity to try the software, make mistakes and learn what I need to really need to know.

So, as a consumer of software training with a very demanding schedule, I know this model will work for ERPtips and that allowing our customers to buy our manuals will just make them want to come back to us for more learning, in more training medias (live, instructor led training, virtual classes, webinars, eLearning, etc.).

Tuesday, December 6, 2011

SAP seeks to speed up, facilitate HANA deployments

SAP is applying its Rapid Deployment (RDS) software model to its in-memory technology. The move, according to SAP, is a response to customers SAP says are looking for a way to deploy HANA faster, easier and more predictably than they can now,

Like the existing RDS applications, which are designed to be part of larger enterprise applications that address a certain function or specific need, the RDS packages for HANA are centered around more straightforward use cases. So far, that includes deploying the SAP CO-PA Accelerator software, or using HANA for faster BusinessObjects reporting, according to Phillips Hofmann, head of SAP RDS communications.

SAP is also launching an RDS package for the Sybase mobile sales application for SAP CRM.

Like with other RDS applications, the new packages are designed to take some of the guesswork out of deployment, and allow customers to get things up and running in eight weeks. Hofmann declined to say how many customers had purchased the packages, or what the cost was. However, the cost of the HANA appliance is not included in the RDS price.

“The goal of it is to make it so that you have the transparency of what the pricing is, the timeline, everything. It’s like a Happy Meal, where you know what you’re getting,” Hofmann said.

Is Virtualization Stepping Stone to the Cloud for SAP Customers?

Take Aberdeen Survey Today!
Have questions about virtualization, private clouds, public clouds, hybrid clouds and the future of your SAP environment?

Optimal is proud to partner with Aberdeen Group in promoting a survey to better understand the plans SAP customers have today for virtualization and cloud migration.

As thanks for taking 10 to 15 minutes to answer this survey, respondents receive a complimentary copy of the report which is expected to be available after December 31st.

Take Aberdeen Survey Today!

Optimal Promotes Aberdeen SAP Virtualization & Cloud Survey

Monday, December 5, 2011

SuccessFactors is worth premium, says SAP co-CEO

The co-CEO of Germany's SAP, Jim Hagemann Snabe, says that the $3.4 billion buy of SuccessFactors is worth the hefty premium and will give the German software group prominence in the cloud.

Sunday, December 4, 2011

SAP buys US software company SuccessFactors for $3.4 bln

ermany's SAP, a software company specialising in human resources functions, on Saturday announced it was to acquire US company SuccessFactors for $3.4 billion.

Under the deal, an American subsidiary will pay $40 per share in cash for SuccessFactors, 52 percent more than the closing stock price on Friday, a statement said.

The deal is the latest development in the growing rivalry between SAP and competitor Oracle.

Thursday, December 1, 2011

Google Maps gives SAP's business intelligence a new direction

SAP and Google have teamed up to bring Google Maps and Google Earth to SAP's business intelligence software.

The idea behind the tie-in is to allow large volumes of data to be presented visually, helping users make quicker decisions based on real-time information.

Sample SAP Mobility Architecture

Provides an enterprise-class mobility platform delivered, maintained, and further developed by SAP, as your unified mobile enterprise application platform (MEAP.

• Includes fully integrated mobile device, user, apps, and security capabilities
• Includes non-SAP, thin integration layers, so that well selected instant value prepackaged solutions can be added out of the box
• Supports multiple mobile devices and operating systems

SAP to Spend US$2 Billion in China

SAP has announced multi-year spending plans of more than US$2 billion through 2015 to grow its business in China.
The company intends to deepen its investment in this key global market to further underscore its long-term strategic commitment to the world's second-largest economy.

Upcoming Technologies in SAP?

What are the new upcoming technologies in SAP?

NetWeaver is the way to go. So is Java. And while you're at it, get your feet wet in the open source world. SAP has a major commitment to open source, and skills in open source technology such as LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP) will be extremely useful in the SAP world of the future.

Upcoming SAP Mentor Monday Webinars

SAP Mentor Monthly Webinar Series (First Monday every Month)
Presenters: SAP Mentors Monday TBA

In these monthly series that take place on the first Monday of every month, we will discuss what has happened around the SAP Mentor Land and what to expect in the following month.

SAP Connect Session: Dial in: Numbers Participant Passcode: 3032344038

The New SAP Community Network is Coming...

Note : Click read more button and watch it.

Monday, September 12, 2011

SAP Fresher FAQ

Here some of the most frequently asked questions by people looking for a career in SAP.

1. What is the duration of SAP course?

The SAP course duration vary from institue to institute. In some institutes it is 45 dyas training plus 15 days project whereas in some it can go up to four months.

2. What is the fee struture?

Fees depends upon institute to institute. Some small institutes charge 10-15,000 rupees, whereas some better known institutes like Reliance(Hyderabad, Chennai, Bangalore) charge 20-25,000 rupees. Authorized institutes like Siemens do not train candidates who are not willing to take certifiaction and they charge around 2.8 lakhs for training+certification.

3. Which are the SAP institutes that guarantee placements after completion of SAP course?

No institute guarantee placement. Institutes like Siemens, Geonate, Reliance, MYM, etc arrange placement interviews but they do not guarantee placement.

4. Will doing SAP certifiaction guarantee you a placement?

Getting certified do not guarantee a placement.

5. Which one is best institute?

The institute that has a good instructor is the best institute. You can compramise to some extent on other parameters.

6. What is the starting salary after this course?

SAP career will give you an package of Rs.5 Lakhs to 18 Lakhs P.A in India and above 70,000 US $ abroad.

7. Which module suits me better?

Human Resource for candidates who are into man power resourcing or recruitment or a good exposure in Human resource management.

Finance and Controlling for candidates with core finance and accounting exposure.

Production and planning for candidates with good production experience.

Material Management for candidates with good procurement and purchasing exposure.

Sales and Distribution for candidates with sales and marketing exposure

Business Information Warehousing for candidates having exposure to warehousing or SAP exposure is an added advantage.

ABAP/4 for candidates with any programming language exposure and touch of RDBMS is added advantage Freshers are most welcomed.

BASIS/WAS 6.40 for candidates with exposure to networking and database administration concepts.

8. I am an graduate passed my aggregate is 55% can i join SAP?

Most companies recruit candidates with at least 60% aggregate so it would be difficult for you to get placement after completing the course.

9. I am a fresher not having any exp shall i do SAP?

SAP is very exhaustive. To understand SAP, one should have through knowledge and understnding of the domain area. Therefore it is recommended that before entering SAP you should have at least 3 years of domain experiance.

10. I am b.tec/m.b.a and doing job in marketing & sales wheather i should go for SAP SD and CRM?

You can go for SAP CRM because it is here one has to interact with customer .. same like marketing, sales, and customer service whereas SAP SD delas with sale prices, orders, and forecasts.

11. By taking coaching in an unauthorized institue will i be able to write the cretification exam?

If you want to go for certification, you need to get training from an Authorized institute only. You cannot write cartifiaction exam from an authorized institute.

What is SAP HR Module

SAP HR is a global HR resource management system solution is one of the largest modules in the SAP R/3 system which consists of many submodules like , covers

Organizational Management

Personnel Administration

Recruitment Time Management

Payroll Benefits Compensation

Management Personnel Cost

Planning Budget

Management Personnel

Development Training & Event Management

Travel Management


Many of these sub modules are further sub divided into many components for eg Time Management is further divided into Time Administration, Shift Planning,Incentive Wages and Time Sheet.Environment Health & Safety is further divided into Occupational Health & Industrial Hygiene & Safety.

With the advent of mySAP , SAP HR was then called mySAP HR . What got added with my(mark this word)SAP was the web services like ESS (Employee Self- Service) and the MSS Manager's Self Service) which gave empowerment to the employees and managers, employees to better manage their own data and managers to better manage their own departments/divisions. This became the turning point for SAP HR to shift from being a data repository to a strategic tool where the HR departments now focused more of strategic tasks than administrative ones which were now offloaded to the employees and managers using these self services.

The SAP HR module enables customers to effectively manage information about the people in their organization, and to integrate that information with ''other SAP modules'' and external systems.

Consistent with the overall integration of SAP R/3, the HR module shares information with other modules, such as Financial Accounting (FI), Controlling (CO), Production Planning and Business Workflow. The Payroll processes use Accounts Payable functions to print checks, manage payment and bank information, and process payments to tax authorities and other third-party vendors. Payroll results are also posted to General Ledger accounts for use in periodic income and expense reporting. For management accounting, information regarding employment costs can be transferred to Cost Centers with in the CO module. Employees can be assigned to Work Centers, which are used in conjunction with Production Planning. Assigned positions and reporting relationships from PD are used in Business Workflow to route purchase requisitions and other documents for approval. HR works with external systems either through certified interfaces with SAP partner products, or custom developed interfaces to customer defined systems.

What is SAP AM Module

What is Enterprise Asset Management?

Enterprise asset management (EAM) means the whole life optimal management of the physical assets of an organization to maximize value. It covers such things as the design, construction, commissioning, operations, maintenance and decommissioning/replacement of plant, equipment and facilities. "Enterprise" refers to the management of the assets across departments, locations, facilities and, in some cases, business units. By managing assets across the facility, organizations can improve utilization and performance, reduce capital costs, reduce asset-related operating costs, extend asset life and subsequently improve ROA (return on assets).

Asset intensive industries face the harsh realities of operating in highly competitive markets and dealing with high value facilities and equipment where each failure is disruptive and costly. At the same time, they must also adhere to stringent occupational safety, health and environmental regulations. Maintaining optimal availability, reliability and operational safety of plant, equipment, facilities and other assets is therefore essential for an organization's competitiveness.

On the operations side, EAM caters to increased efficiencies of all assets including inventory, regulatory compliance and human resources by combining the salient goals of investment, maintenance, repair and operations management. Simultaneously, EAM addresses business challenges that include productivity enhancement, maximizing asset life cycle, minimizing total cost of ownership and support of the technology and supply chain infrastructure.

Software solutions to support this business paradigm have been in use since the 1970's.

SAP Service and Asset Management is the only integrated solution that allows to manage service and maintenance from end to end. It can handle service sales and marketing, manage service-level agreements, oversee service call centers, track warranties and claims, and provide customer self-service over the Web. It can also perform field service, in-house maintenance and repair, depot repair, service parts management – including execution and planning – and service performance and financial analysis.

And, SAP Service and Asset Management gives asset owners and operators unprecedented capabilities for managing assets, equipment, and facilities. They can manage all types of physical assets, such as production equipment, facilities, and infrastructures over the complete life cycle of those assets – including design specification and procurement, installation and start-up, maintenance and operations, and decommissioning and disposal.


What is CRM?

Customer relationship management (CRM) is a broadly used term that covers concepts used by organizations to manage their relationships with customers and stakeholders to reduce costs and increase profitability by solidifying customer loyalty.

CRM brings together information from all sources within and outside an organization to give one, holistic view of each customer in real time.

Customers can benefit from their data being utilised within a CRM system. For instance, an increase in unsolicited telemarketing calls is generally resented by customers while a small number of relevant offers is generally appreciated by customers. CRM software can enhance the collection and analysis of customer behaviour leading to more relevant communications with customer.

There are three aspects of CRM which can each be implemented in isolation from each other:

Operational - automation of customer processes that offers support to a company’s sales or service representative

Collaborative - the program communicates to customers without a company’s sales or service representative (self service)

Analytical - analysis of customer information for multiple purposes.

CRM Market:

According to AMR, market for CMR will grow to $19.2 billion through 2011, a 9% compound annual growth rate.

Gartner says CRM software spending grew to $5.81 billion last year, an 11.5% increase, and predicts that software spending will grow between 11% and 12% for the next five years.

SAP is a market leader in CRM followed by Siebel and Oracle.

Fake Experiance

Freshers who want to enter in to SAP field tends to fake experiance and credentials. Mind you, if you do this, then you are risking your career and aspirations. Now a days, companies have realised this menace and are blacklisting candidates with fake experiance and fake credentials. Once a candidate is blacklisted, he ort she cannot apply to any other company and could land in jail also.

Accenture had recenly fired 2,500 SAP consultants with fake experiance. Wipro with some other two companies have started blacklisting candidates with fake experiance and fake credentials.

IT industry has identified this problem and serious efforts are being taken tackle it. So, be sincerity and honest is the only path for success, even if it takes a little more time.

Sunday, September 11, 2011

Application Link Enabling

  Application Link Enabling (ALE) supports the creation and operation of distributed applications and application integration is achieved via synchronous and asynchronous communication , not via a central database. Provides business-controlled message exchange with consistent data on loosely linked SAP applications

Logging on without being authorized

Client 066 usually exists in a SAP system due to Early Watch services.
Often this client does not have master users. If it is true, anyone can log into the system using the client 066, user SAP*, and password PASS. Enjoy yourself.

BW/BI T - Codes


Database Performance Monitor


BW Backup logs


Database administrator Oracle Planning Calendar


Overview of Database Check Messages


List Schemas


Authorisation role maintenance


Workflow task maintain


Business Analyser Loader


Overview of master data locks


Administrator’s Workbench


Display BW Datasource


Transfer Business Content DataSources


Query Jump Targets


Generic Data Extraction Tools. Maintain / Create datasource


Maintain Infosets transactions


Roles for Infoset query


Analysis and repair of BW Objects


Reporting Authorisation Objects


Copy Queries between cubes


Delete queries and workbooks


Maintaining variables


Table maintenance


Maintain profile parameters


CCMS monitoring




Implementation Guide / Datasources Control Centre


Display/Add Client


Copy Client


SAP Load Generator


Spool Administration


Database Tune Summary


Workload Monitor


Database Performance Monitor


Transport Manager


SAP user maintenance ( Create new user )

ABAP T - Codes


SAP directorie structure


BAPI Explorer, view all sap BAPI's


Business rule framework transaction


Define new application class. Once defined use tcode BRF to create application class.


Project management of SAP enhancements


Maintain Logical file path definitions


Customize Grant management screens via SAP's BDT(business data toolset) - Must have permission from SAP to use this method of modification


Business document navigator (edit ENJOYSAP_LOGO etc for
ALV Tree)


Examples for OLE Processing


Workflow task maintain


Execute SAP ABAP program


IDoc and ALE development


Client Copy, copy transport


Transport Organizer (extended view)


Transport Organizer Tools (change package/dev class etc..)


Workbench organiser


ABAP Dictionary


Database utility: Adjust after change to definition, delete.


Data browser, view/add table data


Business Add-ins(BADI's): Definition transaction


Business Add-ins(BADI's): Implementation transaction


Class builder


Program Editor


Split screen editor


Menu Painter


Screen Painter


Document maintenance


Form painter (SAPscript)


SAPScript settings including Text objetcs and IDs


Object Navigator ( SAP Development workbench, most development functionality is available from this transaction )


Application Hierarchy (leads to SE84 for desired area)


Repository info system


Message Maintenance


Maintain Transaction code


Create Transaction Variant. Enter name of transaction plus name of new/existing variant.


Batch input recorder


ABAP program extended syntax check (full check of programs syntax)


User overview


Lock entries


Update Requests


Online system log analysis


Maintain table views


Table maintenance


Batch input i.e. Recording


Create background job


Background job monitor, Select background jobs


External Commands


Process overview (within current server)


Server overview


Display/maintain Events


Process(session) overview across all servers


External commands(Maintain)


SAP WEB Repository(binary data) - add/ mod images(used to put in screen containers)


View background jobs


Spool list


Display your Own spool list


SAP Spool Administrator


Support package manager


Modification adjustment


SAP System Customizing, IMG


Sap Query development


Database Tune Summary


DB Performance Monitor


Transport Management system


ABAP runtime analysis ( ABAP Dump Analysis )


User Maintenance

Friday, September 2, 2011

SAP FI/CO - Step by Step FLOW

1. Basic settings.

Define company.
Company code.
Business area.
Chart of accounts.
Account groups.
Fiscal year variant.
Field status variant
Document types and number ranges.
Define retained earnings account.
Tolerance group for employees and
Assigning all above definition to company code.

2. General Ledger (GL)

GL master creation.
Journal entry posting in INR.
Journal entry posting in foreign currencies.
Blocking a GL posting.
Unblocking a GL account.
Parking a document.
Holding a document.
Reference document.
Sample documents.
Account assignment model.
Recurring entries.
Open item management.
Full clearing.
Residual clearing.
Normal reversal.
Mass reversal.
Reversal of the reversal.
Account display.
Document display.

3. Account receivable (AR)

Account group creation (SD and FI customers).
Field status reconciliation A/C.
Define No. range group and number ranges.
Assign No. range group to account groups.
Creation of tolerance group for customers.
GL – A/C creation.
Customer master creation.
Document types and No. ranges.
Posting keys.
Credit memo.
Party statement.

4. Account payable (AP)

Account group creation (MM and FI vendors)
Field status (Reconciliation A/C)
Define No. range group and No. ranges.
Assign No. range group to account groups.
Define tolerance group for vendors.
GL A/C creation.
Vendor master creation.
Posting keys.
House banks.
Credit memo.
Party statement.

5. Asset management (Asset accounting) (AM / AA)

Acquisition (Asses master creation)
Depreciation keys (SLM, WDR)
Sale of asset.
Scrapping of an asset.
Transferring of an asset from one business area to another.
FI – MM integration.
FI – SD integration.

6. GL reports.

Chart of accounts list.
Balance sheet.
Trial balance.
General ledger list.

7. AR reports.

List of customers.
Customer wise sales.
Due date analysis for open items.
Customer wise advances.
Customer ledger.

8. AP reports.

List of vendors.
Vendor wise purchase.
Due date analysis for open items.
Vendor wise advances.

9. AM reports.

Asset wise values.
Asset wise values (Year wise)
Asset wise values (Month wise)
Projected depreciation.
Schedule wise depreciation.


Introduction to controlling.
Importance of controlling.
Basic settings for controlling.
Overhead cost controlling.
Cost elements accounting.
Primary cost elements.
Secondary cost elements.
Cost center accounting.
Internal orders.
Activity based costing (ABC).
Product cost (Integrated with PP and MM).
Profitability analysis (Integrated with SD).
Profit center accounting.

Monday, August 29, 2011

Who Can Be SAP Certified and At What Levels?

The certification program is available for SAP employees, partner employees, independent consultants, and client employees. Already SAP is ahead of Oracle—Oracle’s certification programs for E-Business Suite, PeopleSoft, JD Edwards, and Siebel are only available to Oracle employees and partner employees.

About three years ago, after discussions with both clients and partners, SAP announced three levels of certification: Associate, Professional, and Master. Currently the associate level and professional level exams are available. The master level is still in development.

The SAP website defines these levels as follows:

Associate: “This certification covers the fundamental knowledge requirements for an SAP consultant, ensuring the successful acquisition of broad SAP solution knowledge and skills.”

Professional: “This advanced certification requires proven project experience, business process knowledge, and a more detailed understanding of SAP solutions.”

Master: “This certification, under development, involves demonstrating an expert-level understanding of a specific area of SAP software and the ability to drive innovation and solution optimization through in-depth knowledge and vision. Certification at this level requires broad project experience, comprehensive SAP product knowledge, and the ability to create a future IT vision within complex project environments.”

The Associate level exams test book knowledge. In most cases, this level does not require SAP implementation experience in order to pass the exams. Questions on the Professional level exams are designed to test the SAP experience of the test taker. The requirements for the Master level involve more than taking exams. As the SAP website mentions, the process of obtaining Master level certification is still being defined.

SAP takes care to point out that you don’t need to pass the Associate level exam before sitting for the Professional level exam. So you get to select which level you think you are qualified for and take that exam.

Seven Steps to Studying for an SAP Certification Exam

     If you are trying to get certified in an area that you actually know nothing about, this might also work, but I have real reservations about trying to pass yourself off to clients and employers as someone who ‘knows’ the area you are certified in. If you are a ‘fresher’ then a ‘certification’ is about the only way to separate yourself from the competition.

      Read all the SAP implementation and training manuals and other published books you can. Highlight portions you need to remember, and take notes in the manuals as you read. If you don’t have access to SAP training manuals, there are hundreds of good SAP books for sale at

      Page through each SAP manual and take written notes on everything you highlighted, including questions you have at this point.

      Identify your weak areas. Find an SAP expert to answer your questions. Schedule an hour or two to ask your questions and get answers. Pay this person, if appropriate.

      Study your notes repeatedly–if you have to, memorize key areas that you think you will be tested on.

      Write your own exam based on your notes (and the manuals you read) and what you think will be covered. Then take the exam and see if you can answer the questions you wrote.

      Relax, keep reading your notes. Keep refining the exam you wrote, and retake it.

      Get a good night’s sleep, and review your notes once or twice more before the exam. By this point you should know everything in your notes, and passing the SAP certification exam should be a breeze.

SAP Basis and Security Technology

The term 'Basis' when used in the context of SAP technology refers to the application layer of the SAP system. When you think about the role a 'Basis Adminstrator' has, it should include system administration tasks such as managing the database, transporting development and configuration objects from one SAP system to another, monitoring system performance to ensure no interruption in system stability occurs in the SAP production environment, installing and upgrading the software on the servers, and system security.

Security refers to both application security in the SAP Runtime environment and the system access outside the SAP Runtime environment. The user accounts defined for users in the SAP Runtime environment are secured by roles that grant authorizations to them. SAP Authorizations control access to transactions (Business Process Activities), or what can be performed within a specific business process step. For example, a user may be able to create sales orders, but only for their specific sales area, sales office and customer.

Tuesday, August 23, 2011

SAP Business Suite

SAP Business Suite is a bundle of business applications that provide integration of information and processes, collaboration, industry-specific functionality, and scalability. SAP Business Suite is based on SAP's technology platform called NetWeaver.

SAP Business Suite has five constituents:

SAP CRM (Customer Relationship Management)
SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning)
SAP PLM (Product Lifecycle Management)
SAP SCM (Supply Chain Management)
SAP SRM (Supplier Relationship Management)


The SAP CRM application is an integrated customer relationship management (CRM) software manufactured by SAP AG that targets business software requirements of midsize and large organizations in all industries and sectors.

SAP CRM solutions help integrate sales, service and marketing through business processes and enterprise applications. These solutions help organizations manage three important customer-focused issues: generating new growth, attaining operational excellence, and enhancing competitive agility.

SAP's CRM solution includes several modules that support key functional areas including:

SAP CRM Marketing
SAP CRM Service
SAP CRM Analysis
SAP CRM Interaction Center
SAP CRM Web Channel (which includes E-Commerce, E-Marketing and E-Service)
SAP CRM Partner Channel Management

Why SAP?


Monday, August 22, 2011

SAP R/3 Glossary

ALE (Application Link Enabling)

It provides integration for separate R/3 systems, keeping full interaction. This makes possible distributed enterprise applications.

Application server

The application server is used to run the business application programs in the R/3 client/server concept. The application modules are loaded from the data base server to the application server as required. Thus the application server requires only storage capacity to accommodate UNIX, Swapping and the SAP runtime environment.
Batch Input

A technique to input data safely. It ensures application data integrity for background interfaces. It pretends to be someone typing. See also direct input.

CATT (Computer Aided Test Tool)

It allows you to combine and automate sequences of repeatable transactions in test procedures. CATT reduces the number of manual tests, and forces you to test systematically, defining input values and expected test results.

CCMS (Computer Center Management System)

It allows you to monitor, control and configure your R/3 system. This toolset lets you analyze and distribute client workloads and report on resource consumption for system components.

Central System

In an R/3 central system, both application and data base software are run on one computer.


In commercial, organizational and technical terms, a self-contained unit in an R/3 system with separate master records and its owns set of tables.

Client/Server System

Client/server systems are structured modularly, with components working in a sender/receiver relationship. Software components can also be used in a client/server relationship.

Communication Server

It provides the connection between local area and wide area networks and may be either a router, a bridge or a gateway. In R/3 installations, the communication server must support the TCP/IP protocol over wide area networks.

Company code

The smallest organizational unit for which a complete self-contained set of accounts can be drawn up for purposes of external reporting. This involves recording all relevant transactions and generating all supporting documents for legally-required financial statements, such as balance sheets and profit and loss statements.

Computer type

The R/3 system supports various computer types of SAP's platform partners, such as Bull, DEC, IBM and HP. The suitability of a particular computer type depends on sufficient CPU performance.

CPI-C (Common Programming Interface-Communications)

Common Programming Interface of Communication has been introduced by IBM as a high-level interface to SNA/LU6-2. CPI-C has become the subject of the X/Open standardization and is used by SAP to facilitate program-to-program communication between R/3 and external system. SAP offers CPI-C libraries based on TCP/IP.


It contains all the objects that a developer has changed or created. It also controls customizing that has been maintained.


A system to help SAP employees to give comprehensive support to their clients.

Data base server

The data base server stores the SAP application programs and data in the R/3 client/server concept. It also handles the SAP update program and batch jobs.

Direct Input

A recent technique to input data safely. It ensures application data integrity for background interfaces. See also batch input.


The system R/3 agent that identifies the type of task (on-line, update, batch, etc.) and sends the job to an idle work process.


It is a service that entails having your R/3 installation regularly inspected by SAP employees, in other to ensure high system availability and high data throughput at all time.


It is a LAN architecture using bus topology. The transmission speed is 10 MBit/s.

FDDI (Fiber Distributed Data Interchange)

It is a local high-speed network with ring topology based on light wave conductors. The transmission speed is 100 MBit/s.

Field status

Indicator that specifies whether a field can take an entry in the entry screen or if it must be filled.


It is a means of controlling access through a public network to a private network.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

It is the most commonly used file transmission protocol of the TCP/IP protocol family.

GUI (Graphic User Interface)

A graphical interface used by SAP environment as part of the three tiers. It is normally called user front-end.

IDES (International Demonstration and Education System)

It is a model of an international firm. It is a separate demonstration and education system for speeding up the pilot process.

IMG (Implementation Management Guide)

It is a hierarchical structure that reflects the R/3 component hierarchy and contains every configuration activity. Released from version 3.0 onwards.


It means application server and each one has its own set of work processes.

IDoc (Intermediate Document)

An IDoc is a data container for data exchange between SAP systems or between an SAP system and an external system.

ITS (Internet Transaction Server)

It links the R/3 application server with one or more Web servers, thus enabling the R/3 to communicate with the Internet.


It means a standard core previously configured. A set of default parameters delivered with the system.

LAN (Local Area Network)

It is a network foa a tightly limited area with high level data transmission performance. Common LANs include Ethernet, Token Ring and FDDI. These LANs support different transport protocols, such as TCP/IP and IPX.


A tool for finding specific record. It is made up of search terms. It is used to find possible entries for an input field.

Number range

A range of numbers that are laid down per file for the assignment of document numbers. It can be internal (carried out automatically by the system) or external (carried out manually by the user).


It is a technique introduced by Microsoft to incorporate objects of one application into another.

OSS (Online Service System)

SAP's Online Service System offers fast and effective help for R/3 System problems. It is also the basic element of communications between customers, partners, and SAP.


It contains all the objects that a developer has changed but the originals of the objects are located in another system.


A way to implement communication between application programs via Abap/4 function call.


When a work process locks a resource, it sets a semaphore. Another work process that also wants to access it must then wait.


A set of three letters or number that identify a system. Some sets are not allowed because they are used by SAP. They are informed when the system is installed.


It is the most widely used transport protocol for open systems. R/3 clients and servers communicate using TCP/IP.


It provides terminal access to hosts using TCP/IP protocol. It is a well-known command among Systems Administrators.

Token Ring

It is a LAN architecture with ring topology. The transmission speed is 4 MBit/s or 16 MBit/s. This involves a 'free token' which circles the loop picking up transmissions. The receiver station places a confirmation bit into the busy token. As soon as the busy token reaches the sender station again, it is converted back to a free token and sent on to the next station.


It is a request to transport objects from the software development environment, identified as the source system, to the specified target system.

WAN (Wide Area Networks)

They are normally operated either by the telephone company or by private companies that offer leased lines, switched lines or packet lines.

Work process

Work processes perform the bulk of the processing carried out by SAP systems. They perform dialog steps in user transactions and carry out updates, lock management, printing services, and so on.


The ABAP/4 Workbench, a graphical programming environment, is used to create application programs. The programming tools are accessed using buttons, dialogs and windows.


It consists of time and logical sequence of work items, which are processed by human agents or mechanical processing units.


It is a standardized network access protocol for the packet switching network. The maximum transmission speed is 64 KBit/s.

Sunday, August 21, 2011


SAPGUI is the GUI client in SAP R/3's 3-tier architecture of database, application server and client. It is software that runs on a Microsoft Windows, Apple Macintosh or Unix desktop, and allows a user to access SAP functionality in SAP applications such as mySAP ERP and SAP Business Information Warehouse (now called SAP Business Intelligence). It is the platform used for remote access to the SAP central server in a company network.

SAP R/3 Structure

Friday, August 19, 2011

SAP Solution Manager

The SAP Solution Manager is an integrated, customer platform that
provides the procedures, tools and content needed to successfully and
efficiently implement and operate their SAP solutions, regardless of
the complexity of the system landscape.

Friday, August 5, 2011

SAP Enterprise Portal


SAP Enterprise Portal, also known as an Enterprise Information Portal (EIP) or corporate portal, is a framework for integrating information, people and processes across organizational boundaries.

It provides a secure unified access point, often in the form of a web-based user interface, and is designed to aggregate and personalize information through application-specific portlets.

One hallmark of enterprise portals is the de-centralized content contribution and content management, which keeps the information always updated.

Monday, August 1, 2011

SAP NetWeaver Products

SAP is fostering relationships with system integrators and independent software vendors, many of the latter becoming "Powered by SAP NetWeaver".

SAP NetWeaver is part of SAP's plan to transition to a more open, service-oriented architecture and to deliver the technical foundation of its applications on a single, integrated platform and common release cycle.


The core products that make up SAP NetWeaver include:

SAP NetWeaver Application Server
SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence
SAP NetWeaver Composition Environment (CE)
SAP NetWeaver Enterprise Portal (EP)
SAP NetWeaver Identity Management (IdM)
SAP NetWeaver Master Data Management (MDM)
SAP NetWeaver Mobile
SAP NetWeaver Process Integration (PI)

SAP has also teamed with hardware vendors like HP, IBM, Fujitsu-Siemens, and Sun to deliver appliances (i.e., hardware + software) to simplify and enhance the deployment of NetWeaver components. Examples of these appliances include:

BW Accelerator
Enterprise Search

SAP NetWeaver

SAP NetWeaver is SAP's integrated technology platform and is the technical foundation for all SAP applications since the SAP Business Suite. SAP NetWeaver is marketed as a service-oriented application and integration platform. SAP NetWeaver provides the development and runtime environment for SAP applications and can be used for custom development and integration with other applications and systems. SAP NetWeaver is built using open standards and industry de facto standards and can be extended with, and inter operate with, technologies such as Microsoft .NET, Oracle Java EE, and IBM WebSphere.

SAP NetWeaver's release is considered as a strategic move by SAP for driving enterprises to run their business on a single, integrated platform that includes both applications and technology. Industry analysts refer to this type of integrated platform offering as an "applistructure" (applications + infrastructure). According to SAP, this approach is driven by industry's need to lower IT costs through an enterprise architecture that is at once (1) more flexible; (2) better integrated with applications; (3) built on open standards to ensure future interoperability and broad integration; and, (4) provided by a vendor that is financially viable for the long term.


SAPGUI is the GUI client in SAP R/3's 3-tier architecture of database, application server and client. It is software that runs on a Microsoft Windows, Apple Macintosh or Unix desktop, and allows a user to access SAP functionality in SAP applications such as mySAP ERP and SAP Business Information Warehouse (now called SAP Business Intelligence). It is the platform used for remote access to the SAP central server in a company network.

List of SAP products

This present a list of products of the enterprise software company SAP AG

  • SAP
    • Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
    • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
    • Product Life cycle Management (PLM)
    • Supply Chain Management (SCM)
    • Supplier Relationship Management (SRM)

Major Enterprise Applications - SAP

SAP's products focus on Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), which it helped to pioneer. The company's main product is SAP ERP

SAP ERP is the one of five major enterprise applications that makes up SAP's Business Suite. The four other applications are:

* customer relationship management (CRM) - helps companies acquire and retain customers, gain deep marketing and customer insight, and align organization on customer-focused strategies
* product life cycle management (PLM) - helps manufacturers with a single source of all product-related information necessary for collaborating with business partners and supporting product lines
* supply chain management (SCM) - helps companies enhance operational flexibility across global enterprises and provide real-time visibility for customers and suppliers
* supplier relationship management (SRM) - customers can collaborate closely with suppliers and integrate sourcing processes with applications throughout the enterprise to enhance transparency and lower costs


SAP is the name of the company founded in 1972 under the German name (Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing) is the leading ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software package.

started in 1972 by five former IBM employees in Mannheim, Germany, states that it is the world's largest inter-enterprise software company and the world's fourth-largest independent software supplier, overall.

The original name for SAP was German: Systeme, Anwendungen, Produkte, German for "Systems Applications and Products." The original SAP idea was to provide customers with the ability to interact with a common corporate database for a comprehensive range of applications. Gradually, the applications have been assembled and today many corporations, including IBM and Microsoft, are using SAP products to run their own businesses.

SAP is often used as term for SAP's ERP System mySAP, or for the older release R/3. SAP offers a wide range of solutions around their ERP system like a CRM system, Solution Manager, an Exchange Infrastructure, Portal functionality and more.

Sunday, July 31, 2011

Types of ERP

SAP, BAAN, JD Edwards, Oracle Financials, Sibel, People Soft. Among all the ERP?s most of the companies implemented or trying to implement SAP because of number of advantages over other ERP packages.

There are two types of ERPs
1.Horizontal ERP
2.Vertical ERP
Horizontal ERP:Horizontal ERP will fit for any sort of organization there is no industrial specific ex:SAP,ORACLE Apps

Vertical ERP:Vertical ERP is Industrial specific this will not fit for all types of industries
ex:DTR(Plastic industy),Axis(Steel industry)

Limitations of ERP

Success depends on the skill and experience of the workforce, including training about how to make the system work correctly. Many companies cut costs by cutting training budgets. Privately owned small enterprises are often undercapitalized, meaning their ERP system is often operated by personnel with inadequate education in ERP in general, such as APICS foundations, and in the particular ERP vendor package being used.

  • Personnel turnover; companies can employ new managers lacking education in the company's ERP system, proposing changes in business practices that are out of synchronization with the best utilization of the company's selected ERP.
  • Customization of the ERP software is limited. Some customization may involve changing of the ERP software structure which is usually not allowed.
  • Re-engineering of business processes to fit the "industry standard" prescribed by the ERP system may lead to a loss of competitive advantage.
  • ERP systems can be very expensive to install often ranging from 30,000 to 500,000,000 for multinational companies.
  • ERP vendors can charge sums of money for annual license renewal that is unrelated to the size of the company using the ERP or its profitability.
  • Technical support personnel often give replies to callers that are inappropriate for the caller's corporate structure. Computer security concerns arise, for example when telling a non-programmer how to change a database on the fly, at a company that requires an audit trail of changes so as to meet some regulatory standards.
  • ERPs are often seen as too rigid and too difficult to adapt to the specific workflow and business process of some companies—this is cited as one of the main causes of their failure.
  • Systems can be difficult to use.
  • Systems are too restrictive and do not allow much flexibility in implementation and usage.
  • The system can suffer from the "weakest link" problem—an inefficiency in one department or at one of the partners may affect other participants.
  • Many of the integrated links need high accuracy in other applications to work effectively. A company can achieve minimum standards, then over time "dirty data" will reduce the reliability of some applications.
  • Once a system is established, switching costs are very high for any one of the partners (reducing flexibility and strategic control at the corporate level).
  • The blurring of company boundaries can cause problems in accountability, lines of responsibility, and employee morale.
  • Resistance in sharing sensitive internal information between departments can reduce the effectiveness of the software.
  • There are frequent compatibility problems with the various legacy systems of the partners.
  • The system may be over-engineered relative to the actual needs of the customer.

Disadvantages of ERP Systems

While advantages usually outweigh disadvantages for most organizations implementing an ERP system, here are some of the most common obstacles experienced:

  • The scope of customization is limited in several circumstances
  • The present business processes have to be rethought to make them synchronize with the ERP
  • ERP systems can be extremely expensive to implement
  • There could be lack of continuous technical support
  • ERP systems may be too rigid for specific organizations that are either new or want to move in a new direction in the near future

Advantages of ERP Systems

There are many advantages of implementing an EPR system. A few of them are listed below:

  • A perfectly integrated system chaining all the functional areas together
  • The capability to streamline different organizational processes and workflows
  • The ability to effortlessly communicate information across various departments
  • Improved efficiency, performance and productivity levels
  • Enhanced tracking and forecasting
  • Improved customer service and satisfaction

What Is ERP

ERP (enterprise resource planning) is an industry term for the broad set of activities that helps a business manage the important parts of its business.

The information made available through an ERP system provides visibility for key performance indicators (KPIs) required for meeting corporate objectives.

Implementation of an ERP System

Implementing an ERP system in an organization is an extremely complex process. It takes lot of systematic planning, expert consultation and well structured approach. Due to its extensive scope it may even take years to implement in a large organization. Implementing an ERP system will eventually necessitate significant changes on staff and work processes. While it may seem practical for an in-house IT administration to head the project, it is commonly advised that special ERP implementation experts be consulted, since they are specially trained in deploying these kinds of systems.

Organizations generally use ERP vendors or consulting companies to implement their customized ERP system. There are three types of professional services that are provided when implementing an ERP system, they are Consulting, Customization and Support.

  • Consulting Services – are responsible for the initial stages of ERP implementation where they help an organization go live with their new system, with product training, workflow, improve ERP’s use in the specific organization, etc.
  • Customization Services – work by extending the use of the new ERP system or changing its use by creating customized interfaces and/or underlying application code. While ERP systems are made for many core routines, there are still some needs that need to be built or customized for a particular organization.
  • Support Services – include both support and maintenance of ERP systems. For instance, trouble shooting and assistance with ERP issues.

The ERP implementation process goes through five major stages which are Structured Planning, Process Assessment, Data Compilation & Cleanup, Education & Testing and Usage & Evaluation.

  1. Structured Planning: is the foremost and the most crucial stage where an capable project team is selected, present business processes are studied, information flow within and outside the organization is scrutinized, vital objectives are set and a comprehensive implementation plan is formulated.
  2. Process Assessment: is the next important stage where the prospective software capabilities are examined, manual business processes are recognized and standard working procedures are constructed.
  3. Data Compilation & Cleanup: helps in identifying data which is to be converted and the new information that would be needed. The compiled data is then analyzed for accuracy and completeness, throwing away the worthless/unwanted information.
  4. Education & Testing: aids in proofing the system and educating the users with ERP mechanisms. The complete database is tested and verified by the project team using multiple testing methods and processes. A broad in-house training is held where all the concerned users are oriented with the functioning of the new ERP system.
  5. Usage & Evaluation: is the final and an ongoing stage for the ERP. The lately implemented ERP is deployed live within the organization and is regularly checked by the project team for any flaw or error detection.

ERP Structure

Twitter Delicious Facebook Digg Stumbleupon Favorites More