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Monday, September 12, 2011

SAP Fresher FAQ

Here some of the most frequently asked questions by people looking for a career in SAP.

1. What is the duration of SAP course?

The SAP course duration vary from institue to institute. In some institutes it is 45 dyas training plus 15 days project whereas in some it can go up to four months.

2. What is the fee struture?

Fees depends upon institute to institute. Some small institutes charge 10-15,000 rupees, whereas some better known institutes like Reliance(Hyderabad, Chennai, Bangalore) charge 20-25,000 rupees. Authorized institutes like Siemens do not train candidates who are not willing to take certifiaction and they charge around 2.8 lakhs for training+certification.

3. Which are the SAP institutes that guarantee placements after completion of SAP course?

No institute guarantee placement. Institutes like Siemens, Geonate, Reliance, MYM, etc arrange placement interviews but they do not guarantee placement.

4. Will doing SAP certifiaction guarantee you a placement?

Getting certified do not guarantee a placement.

5. Which one is best institute?

The institute that has a good instructor is the best institute. You can compramise to some extent on other parameters.

6. What is the starting salary after this course?

SAP career will give you an package of Rs.5 Lakhs to 18 Lakhs P.A in India and above 70,000 US $ abroad.

7. Which module suits me better?

Human Resource for candidates who are into man power resourcing or recruitment or a good exposure in Human resource management.

Finance and Controlling for candidates with core finance and accounting exposure.

Production and planning for candidates with good production experience.

Material Management for candidates with good procurement and purchasing exposure.

Sales and Distribution for candidates with sales and marketing exposure

Business Information Warehousing for candidates having exposure to warehousing or SAP exposure is an added advantage.

ABAP/4 for candidates with any programming language exposure and touch of RDBMS is added advantage Freshers are most welcomed.

BASIS/WAS 6.40 for candidates with exposure to networking and database administration concepts.

8. I am an graduate passed my aggregate is 55% can i join SAP?

Most companies recruit candidates with at least 60% aggregate so it would be difficult for you to get placement after completing the course.

9. I am a fresher not having any exp shall i do SAP?

SAP is very exhaustive. To understand SAP, one should have through knowledge and understnding of the domain area. Therefore it is recommended that before entering SAP you should have at least 3 years of domain experiance.

10. I am b.tec/m.b.a and doing job in marketing & sales wheather i should go for SAP SD and CRM?

You can go for SAP CRM because it is here one has to interact with customer .. same like marketing, sales, and customer service whereas SAP SD delas with sale prices, orders, and forecasts.

11. By taking coaching in an unauthorized institue will i be able to write the cretification exam?

If you want to go for certification, you need to get training from an Authorized institute only. You cannot write cartifiaction exam from an authorized institute.

What is SAP HR Module

SAP HR is a global HR resource management system solution is one of the largest modules in the SAP R/3 system which consists of many submodules like , covers

Organizational Management

Personnel Administration

Recruitment Time Management

Payroll Benefits Compensation

Management Personnel Cost

Planning Budget

Management Personnel

Development Training & Event Management

Travel Management


Many of these sub modules are further sub divided into many components for eg Time Management is further divided into Time Administration, Shift Planning,Incentive Wages and Time Sheet.Environment Health & Safety is further divided into Occupational Health & Industrial Hygiene & Safety.

With the advent of mySAP , SAP HR was then called mySAP HR . What got added with my(mark this word)SAP was the web services like ESS (Employee Self- Service) and the MSS Manager's Self Service) which gave empowerment to the employees and managers, employees to better manage their own data and managers to better manage their own departments/divisions. This became the turning point for SAP HR to shift from being a data repository to a strategic tool where the HR departments now focused more of strategic tasks than administrative ones which were now offloaded to the employees and managers using these self services.

The SAP HR module enables customers to effectively manage information about the people in their organization, and to integrate that information with ''other SAP modules'' and external systems.

Consistent with the overall integration of SAP R/3, the HR module shares information with other modules, such as Financial Accounting (FI), Controlling (CO), Production Planning and Business Workflow. The Payroll processes use Accounts Payable functions to print checks, manage payment and bank information, and process payments to tax authorities and other third-party vendors. Payroll results are also posted to General Ledger accounts for use in periodic income and expense reporting. For management accounting, information regarding employment costs can be transferred to Cost Centers with in the CO module. Employees can be assigned to Work Centers, which are used in conjunction with Production Planning. Assigned positions and reporting relationships from PD are used in Business Workflow to route purchase requisitions and other documents for approval. HR works with external systems either through certified interfaces with SAP partner products, or custom developed interfaces to customer defined systems.

What is SAP AM Module

What is Enterprise Asset Management?

Enterprise asset management (EAM) means the whole life optimal management of the physical assets of an organization to maximize value. It covers such things as the design, construction, commissioning, operations, maintenance and decommissioning/replacement of plant, equipment and facilities. "Enterprise" refers to the management of the assets across departments, locations, facilities and, in some cases, business units. By managing assets across the facility, organizations can improve utilization and performance, reduce capital costs, reduce asset-related operating costs, extend asset life and subsequently improve ROA (return on assets).

Asset intensive industries face the harsh realities of operating in highly competitive markets and dealing with high value facilities and equipment where each failure is disruptive and costly. At the same time, they must also adhere to stringent occupational safety, health and environmental regulations. Maintaining optimal availability, reliability and operational safety of plant, equipment, facilities and other assets is therefore essential for an organization's competitiveness.

On the operations side, EAM caters to increased efficiencies of all assets including inventory, regulatory compliance and human resources by combining the salient goals of investment, maintenance, repair and operations management. Simultaneously, EAM addresses business challenges that include productivity enhancement, maximizing asset life cycle, minimizing total cost of ownership and support of the technology and supply chain infrastructure.

Software solutions to support this business paradigm have been in use since the 1970's.

SAP Service and Asset Management is the only integrated solution that allows to manage service and maintenance from end to end. It can handle service sales and marketing, manage service-level agreements, oversee service call centers, track warranties and claims, and provide customer self-service over the Web. It can also perform field service, in-house maintenance and repair, depot repair, service parts management – including execution and planning – and service performance and financial analysis.

And, SAP Service and Asset Management gives asset owners and operators unprecedented capabilities for managing assets, equipment, and facilities. They can manage all types of physical assets, such as production equipment, facilities, and infrastructures over the complete life cycle of those assets – including design specification and procurement, installation and start-up, maintenance and operations, and decommissioning and disposal.


What is CRM?

Customer relationship management (CRM) is a broadly used term that covers concepts used by organizations to manage their relationships with customers and stakeholders to reduce costs and increase profitability by solidifying customer loyalty.

CRM brings together information from all sources within and outside an organization to give one, holistic view of each customer in real time.

Customers can benefit from their data being utilised within a CRM system. For instance, an increase in unsolicited telemarketing calls is generally resented by customers while a small number of relevant offers is generally appreciated by customers. CRM software can enhance the collection and analysis of customer behaviour leading to more relevant communications with customer.

There are three aspects of CRM which can each be implemented in isolation from each other:

Operational - automation of customer processes that offers support to a company’s sales or service representative

Collaborative - the program communicates to customers without a company’s sales or service representative (self service)

Analytical - analysis of customer information for multiple purposes.

CRM Market:

According to AMR, market for CMR will grow to $19.2 billion through 2011, a 9% compound annual growth rate.

Gartner says CRM software spending grew to $5.81 billion last year, an 11.5% increase, and predicts that software spending will grow between 11% and 12% for the next five years.

SAP is a market leader in CRM followed by Siebel and Oracle.

Fake Experiance

Freshers who want to enter in to SAP field tends to fake experiance and credentials. Mind you, if you do this, then you are risking your career and aspirations. Now a days, companies have realised this menace and are blacklisting candidates with fake experiance and fake credentials. Once a candidate is blacklisted, he ort she cannot apply to any other company and could land in jail also.

Accenture had recenly fired 2,500 SAP consultants with fake experiance. Wipro with some other two companies have started blacklisting candidates with fake experiance and fake credentials.

IT industry has identified this problem and serious efforts are being taken tackle it. So, be sincerity and honest is the only path for success, even if it takes a little more time.

Sunday, September 11, 2011

Application Link Enabling

  Application Link Enabling (ALE) supports the creation and operation of distributed applications and application integration is achieved via synchronous and asynchronous communication , not via a central database. Provides business-controlled message exchange with consistent data on loosely linked SAP applications

Logging on without being authorized

Client 066 usually exists in a SAP system due to Early Watch services.
Often this client does not have master users. If it is true, anyone can log into the system using the client 066, user SAP*, and password PASS. Enjoy yourself.

BW/BI T - Codes


Database Performance Monitor


BW Backup logs


Database administrator Oracle Planning Calendar


Overview of Database Check Messages


List Schemas


Authorisation role maintenance


Workflow task maintain


Business Analyser Loader


Overview of master data locks


Administrator’s Workbench


Display BW Datasource


Transfer Business Content DataSources


Query Jump Targets


Generic Data Extraction Tools. Maintain / Create datasource


Maintain Infosets transactions


Roles for Infoset query


Analysis and repair of BW Objects


Reporting Authorisation Objects


Copy Queries between cubes


Delete queries and workbooks


Maintaining variables


Table maintenance


Maintain profile parameters


CCMS monitoring




Implementation Guide / Datasources Control Centre


Display/Add Client


Copy Client


SAP Load Generator


Spool Administration


Database Tune Summary


Workload Monitor


Database Performance Monitor


Transport Manager


SAP user maintenance ( Create new user )

ABAP T - Codes


SAP directorie structure


BAPI Explorer, view all sap BAPI's


Business rule framework transaction


Define new application class. Once defined use tcode BRF to create application class.


Project management of SAP enhancements


Maintain Logical file path definitions


Customize Grant management screens via SAP's BDT(business data toolset) - Must have permission from SAP to use this method of modification


Business document navigator (edit ENJOYSAP_LOGO etc for
ALV Tree)


Examples for OLE Processing


Workflow task maintain


Execute SAP ABAP program


IDoc and ALE development


Client Copy, copy transport


Transport Organizer (extended view)


Transport Organizer Tools (change package/dev class etc..)


Workbench organiser


ABAP Dictionary


Database utility: Adjust after change to definition, delete.


Data browser, view/add table data


Business Add-ins(BADI's): Definition transaction


Business Add-ins(BADI's): Implementation transaction


Class builder


Program Editor


Split screen editor


Menu Painter


Screen Painter


Document maintenance


Form painter (SAPscript)


SAPScript settings including Text objetcs and IDs


Object Navigator ( SAP Development workbench, most development functionality is available from this transaction )


Application Hierarchy (leads to SE84 for desired area)


Repository info system


Message Maintenance


Maintain Transaction code


Create Transaction Variant. Enter name of transaction plus name of new/existing variant.


Batch input recorder


ABAP program extended syntax check (full check of programs syntax)


User overview


Lock entries


Update Requests


Online system log analysis


Maintain table views


Table maintenance


Batch input i.e. Recording


Create background job


Background job monitor, Select background jobs


External Commands


Process overview (within current server)


Server overview


Display/maintain Events


Process(session) overview across all servers


External commands(Maintain)


SAP WEB Repository(binary data) - add/ mod images(used to put in screen containers)


View background jobs


Spool list


Display your Own spool list


SAP Spool Administrator


Support package manager


Modification adjustment


SAP System Customizing, IMG


Sap Query development


Database Tune Summary


DB Performance Monitor


Transport Management system


ABAP runtime analysis ( ABAP Dump Analysis )


User Maintenance

Friday, September 2, 2011

SAP FI/CO - Step by Step FLOW

1. Basic settings.

Define company.
Company code.
Business area.
Chart of accounts.
Account groups.
Fiscal year variant.
Field status variant
Document types and number ranges.
Define retained earnings account.
Tolerance group for employees and
Assigning all above definition to company code.

2. General Ledger (GL)

GL master creation.
Journal entry posting in INR.
Journal entry posting in foreign currencies.
Blocking a GL posting.
Unblocking a GL account.
Parking a document.
Holding a document.
Reference document.
Sample documents.
Account assignment model.
Recurring entries.
Open item management.
Full clearing.
Residual clearing.
Normal reversal.
Mass reversal.
Reversal of the reversal.
Account display.
Document display.

3. Account receivable (AR)

Account group creation (SD and FI customers).
Field status reconciliation A/C.
Define No. range group and number ranges.
Assign No. range group to account groups.
Creation of tolerance group for customers.
GL – A/C creation.
Customer master creation.
Document types and No. ranges.
Posting keys.
Credit memo.
Party statement.

4. Account payable (AP)

Account group creation (MM and FI vendors)
Field status (Reconciliation A/C)
Define No. range group and No. ranges.
Assign No. range group to account groups.
Define tolerance group for vendors.
GL A/C creation.
Vendor master creation.
Posting keys.
House banks.
Credit memo.
Party statement.

5. Asset management (Asset accounting) (AM / AA)

Acquisition (Asses master creation)
Depreciation keys (SLM, WDR)
Sale of asset.
Scrapping of an asset.
Transferring of an asset from one business area to another.
FI – MM integration.
FI – SD integration.

6. GL reports.

Chart of accounts list.
Balance sheet.
Trial balance.
General ledger list.

7. AR reports.

List of customers.
Customer wise sales.
Due date analysis for open items.
Customer wise advances.
Customer ledger.

8. AP reports.

List of vendors.
Vendor wise purchase.
Due date analysis for open items.
Vendor wise advances.

9. AM reports.

Asset wise values.
Asset wise values (Year wise)
Asset wise values (Month wise)
Projected depreciation.
Schedule wise depreciation.


Introduction to controlling.
Importance of controlling.
Basic settings for controlling.
Overhead cost controlling.
Cost elements accounting.
Primary cost elements.
Secondary cost elements.
Cost center accounting.
Internal orders.
Activity based costing (ABC).
Product cost (Integrated with PP and MM).
Profitability analysis (Integrated with SD).
Profit center accounting.

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