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Monday, August 29, 2011

Who Can Be SAP Certified and At What Levels?

The certification program is available for SAP employees, partner employees, independent consultants, and client employees. Already SAP is ahead of Oracle—Oracle’s certification programs for E-Business Suite, PeopleSoft, JD Edwards, and Siebel are only available to Oracle employees and partner employees.

About three years ago, after discussions with both clients and partners, SAP announced three levels of certification: Associate, Professional, and Master. Currently the associate level and professional level exams are available. The master level is still in development.

The SAP website defines these levels as follows:

Associate: “This certification covers the fundamental knowledge requirements for an SAP consultant, ensuring the successful acquisition of broad SAP solution knowledge and skills.”

Professional: “This advanced certification requires proven project experience, business process knowledge, and a more detailed understanding of SAP solutions.”

Master: “This certification, under development, involves demonstrating an expert-level understanding of a specific area of SAP software and the ability to drive innovation and solution optimization through in-depth knowledge and vision. Certification at this level requires broad project experience, comprehensive SAP product knowledge, and the ability to create a future IT vision within complex project environments.”

The Associate level exams test book knowledge. In most cases, this level does not require SAP implementation experience in order to pass the exams. Questions on the Professional level exams are designed to test the SAP experience of the test taker. The requirements for the Master level involve more than taking exams. As the SAP website mentions, the process of obtaining Master level certification is still being defined.

SAP takes care to point out that you don’t need to pass the Associate level exam before sitting for the Professional level exam. So you get to select which level you think you are qualified for and take that exam.

Seven Steps to Studying for an SAP Certification Exam

     If you are trying to get certified in an area that you actually know nothing about, this might also work, but I have real reservations about trying to pass yourself off to clients and employers as someone who ‘knows’ the area you are certified in. If you are a ‘fresher’ then a ‘certification’ is about the only way to separate yourself from the competition.

      Read all the SAP implementation and training manuals and other published books you can. Highlight portions you need to remember, and take notes in the manuals as you read. If you don’t have access to SAP training manuals, there are hundreds of good SAP books for sale at

      Page through each SAP manual and take written notes on everything you highlighted, including questions you have at this point.

      Identify your weak areas. Find an SAP expert to answer your questions. Schedule an hour or two to ask your questions and get answers. Pay this person, if appropriate.

      Study your notes repeatedly–if you have to, memorize key areas that you think you will be tested on.

      Write your own exam based on your notes (and the manuals you read) and what you think will be covered. Then take the exam and see if you can answer the questions you wrote.

      Relax, keep reading your notes. Keep refining the exam you wrote, and retake it.

      Get a good night’s sleep, and review your notes once or twice more before the exam. By this point you should know everything in your notes, and passing the SAP certification exam should be a breeze.

SAP Basis and Security Technology

The term 'Basis' when used in the context of SAP technology refers to the application layer of the SAP system. When you think about the role a 'Basis Adminstrator' has, it should include system administration tasks such as managing the database, transporting development and configuration objects from one SAP system to another, monitoring system performance to ensure no interruption in system stability occurs in the SAP production environment, installing and upgrading the software on the servers, and system security.

Security refers to both application security in the SAP Runtime environment and the system access outside the SAP Runtime environment. The user accounts defined for users in the SAP Runtime environment are secured by roles that grant authorizations to them. SAP Authorizations control access to transactions (Business Process Activities), or what can be performed within a specific business process step. For example, a user may be able to create sales orders, but only for their specific sales area, sales office and customer.

Tuesday, August 23, 2011

SAP Business Suite

SAP Business Suite is a bundle of business applications that provide integration of information and processes, collaboration, industry-specific functionality, and scalability. SAP Business Suite is based on SAP's technology platform called NetWeaver.

SAP Business Suite has five constituents:

SAP CRM (Customer Relationship Management)
SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning)
SAP PLM (Product Lifecycle Management)
SAP SCM (Supply Chain Management)
SAP SRM (Supplier Relationship Management)


The SAP CRM application is an integrated customer relationship management (CRM) software manufactured by SAP AG that targets business software requirements of midsize and large organizations in all industries and sectors.

SAP CRM solutions help integrate sales, service and marketing through business processes and enterprise applications. These solutions help organizations manage three important customer-focused issues: generating new growth, attaining operational excellence, and enhancing competitive agility.

SAP's CRM solution includes several modules that support key functional areas including:

SAP CRM Marketing
SAP CRM Service
SAP CRM Analysis
SAP CRM Interaction Center
SAP CRM Web Channel (which includes E-Commerce, E-Marketing and E-Service)
SAP CRM Partner Channel Management

Why SAP?


Monday, August 22, 2011

SAP R/3 Glossary

ALE (Application Link Enabling)

It provides integration for separate R/3 systems, keeping full interaction. This makes possible distributed enterprise applications.

Application server

The application server is used to run the business application programs in the R/3 client/server concept. The application modules are loaded from the data base server to the application server as required. Thus the application server requires only storage capacity to accommodate UNIX, Swapping and the SAP runtime environment.
Batch Input

A technique to input data safely. It ensures application data integrity for background interfaces. It pretends to be someone typing. See also direct input.

CATT (Computer Aided Test Tool)

It allows you to combine and automate sequences of repeatable transactions in test procedures. CATT reduces the number of manual tests, and forces you to test systematically, defining input values and expected test results.

CCMS (Computer Center Management System)

It allows you to monitor, control and configure your R/3 system. This toolset lets you analyze and distribute client workloads and report on resource consumption for system components.

Central System

In an R/3 central system, both application and data base software are run on one computer.


In commercial, organizational and technical terms, a self-contained unit in an R/3 system with separate master records and its owns set of tables.

Client/Server System

Client/server systems are structured modularly, with components working in a sender/receiver relationship. Software components can also be used in a client/server relationship.

Communication Server

It provides the connection between local area and wide area networks and may be either a router, a bridge or a gateway. In R/3 installations, the communication server must support the TCP/IP protocol over wide area networks.

Company code

The smallest organizational unit for which a complete self-contained set of accounts can be drawn up for purposes of external reporting. This involves recording all relevant transactions and generating all supporting documents for legally-required financial statements, such as balance sheets and profit and loss statements.

Computer type

The R/3 system supports various computer types of SAP's platform partners, such as Bull, DEC, IBM and HP. The suitability of a particular computer type depends on sufficient CPU performance.

CPI-C (Common Programming Interface-Communications)

Common Programming Interface of Communication has been introduced by IBM as a high-level interface to SNA/LU6-2. CPI-C has become the subject of the X/Open standardization and is used by SAP to facilitate program-to-program communication between R/3 and external system. SAP offers CPI-C libraries based on TCP/IP.


It contains all the objects that a developer has changed or created. It also controls customizing that has been maintained.


A system to help SAP employees to give comprehensive support to their clients.

Data base server

The data base server stores the SAP application programs and data in the R/3 client/server concept. It also handles the SAP update program and batch jobs.

Direct Input

A recent technique to input data safely. It ensures application data integrity for background interfaces. See also batch input.


The system R/3 agent that identifies the type of task (on-line, update, batch, etc.) and sends the job to an idle work process.


It is a service that entails having your R/3 installation regularly inspected by SAP employees, in other to ensure high system availability and high data throughput at all time.


It is a LAN architecture using bus topology. The transmission speed is 10 MBit/s.

FDDI (Fiber Distributed Data Interchange)

It is a local high-speed network with ring topology based on light wave conductors. The transmission speed is 100 MBit/s.

Field status

Indicator that specifies whether a field can take an entry in the entry screen or if it must be filled.


It is a means of controlling access through a public network to a private network.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

It is the most commonly used file transmission protocol of the TCP/IP protocol family.

GUI (Graphic User Interface)

A graphical interface used by SAP environment as part of the three tiers. It is normally called user front-end.

IDES (International Demonstration and Education System)

It is a model of an international firm. It is a separate demonstration and education system for speeding up the pilot process.

IMG (Implementation Management Guide)

It is a hierarchical structure that reflects the R/3 component hierarchy and contains every configuration activity. Released from version 3.0 onwards.


It means application server and each one has its own set of work processes.

IDoc (Intermediate Document)

An IDoc is a data container for data exchange between SAP systems or between an SAP system and an external system.

ITS (Internet Transaction Server)

It links the R/3 application server with one or more Web servers, thus enabling the R/3 to communicate with the Internet.


It means a standard core previously configured. A set of default parameters delivered with the system.

LAN (Local Area Network)

It is a network foa a tightly limited area with high level data transmission performance. Common LANs include Ethernet, Token Ring and FDDI. These LANs support different transport protocols, such as TCP/IP and IPX.


A tool for finding specific record. It is made up of search terms. It is used to find possible entries for an input field.

Number range

A range of numbers that are laid down per file for the assignment of document numbers. It can be internal (carried out automatically by the system) or external (carried out manually by the user).


It is a technique introduced by Microsoft to incorporate objects of one application into another.

OSS (Online Service System)

SAP's Online Service System offers fast and effective help for R/3 System problems. It is also the basic element of communications between customers, partners, and SAP.


It contains all the objects that a developer has changed but the originals of the objects are located in another system.


A way to implement communication between application programs via Abap/4 function call.


When a work process locks a resource, it sets a semaphore. Another work process that also wants to access it must then wait.


A set of three letters or number that identify a system. Some sets are not allowed because they are used by SAP. They are informed when the system is installed.


It is the most widely used transport protocol for open systems. R/3 clients and servers communicate using TCP/IP.


It provides terminal access to hosts using TCP/IP protocol. It is a well-known command among Systems Administrators.

Token Ring

It is a LAN architecture with ring topology. The transmission speed is 4 MBit/s or 16 MBit/s. This involves a 'free token' which circles the loop picking up transmissions. The receiver station places a confirmation bit into the busy token. As soon as the busy token reaches the sender station again, it is converted back to a free token and sent on to the next station.


It is a request to transport objects from the software development environment, identified as the source system, to the specified target system.

WAN (Wide Area Networks)

They are normally operated either by the telephone company or by private companies that offer leased lines, switched lines or packet lines.

Work process

Work processes perform the bulk of the processing carried out by SAP systems. They perform dialog steps in user transactions and carry out updates, lock management, printing services, and so on.


The ABAP/4 Workbench, a graphical programming environment, is used to create application programs. The programming tools are accessed using buttons, dialogs and windows.


It consists of time and logical sequence of work items, which are processed by human agents or mechanical processing units.


It is a standardized network access protocol for the packet switching network. The maximum transmission speed is 64 KBit/s.

Sunday, August 21, 2011


SAPGUI is the GUI client in SAP R/3's 3-tier architecture of database, application server and client. It is software that runs on a Microsoft Windows, Apple Macintosh or Unix desktop, and allows a user to access SAP functionality in SAP applications such as mySAP ERP and SAP Business Information Warehouse (now called SAP Business Intelligence). It is the platform used for remote access to the SAP central server in a company network.

SAP R/3 Structure

Friday, August 19, 2011

SAP Solution Manager

The SAP Solution Manager is an integrated, customer platform that
provides the procedures, tools and content needed to successfully and
efficiently implement and operate their SAP solutions, regardless of
the complexity of the system landscape.

Friday, August 5, 2011

SAP Enterprise Portal


SAP Enterprise Portal, also known as an Enterprise Information Portal (EIP) or corporate portal, is a framework for integrating information, people and processes across organizational boundaries.

It provides a secure unified access point, often in the form of a web-based user interface, and is designed to aggregate and personalize information through application-specific portlets.

One hallmark of enterprise portals is the de-centralized content contribution and content management, which keeps the information always updated.

Monday, August 1, 2011

SAP NetWeaver Products

SAP is fostering relationships with system integrators and independent software vendors, many of the latter becoming "Powered by SAP NetWeaver".

SAP NetWeaver is part of SAP's plan to transition to a more open, service-oriented architecture and to deliver the technical foundation of its applications on a single, integrated platform and common release cycle.


The core products that make up SAP NetWeaver include:

SAP NetWeaver Application Server
SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence
SAP NetWeaver Composition Environment (CE)
SAP NetWeaver Enterprise Portal (EP)
SAP NetWeaver Identity Management (IdM)
SAP NetWeaver Master Data Management (MDM)
SAP NetWeaver Mobile
SAP NetWeaver Process Integration (PI)

SAP has also teamed with hardware vendors like HP, IBM, Fujitsu-Siemens, and Sun to deliver appliances (i.e., hardware + software) to simplify and enhance the deployment of NetWeaver components. Examples of these appliances include:

BW Accelerator
Enterprise Search

SAP NetWeaver

SAP NetWeaver is SAP's integrated technology platform and is the technical foundation for all SAP applications since the SAP Business Suite. SAP NetWeaver is marketed as a service-oriented application and integration platform. SAP NetWeaver provides the development and runtime environment for SAP applications and can be used for custom development and integration with other applications and systems. SAP NetWeaver is built using open standards and industry de facto standards and can be extended with, and inter operate with, technologies such as Microsoft .NET, Oracle Java EE, and IBM WebSphere.

SAP NetWeaver's release is considered as a strategic move by SAP for driving enterprises to run their business on a single, integrated platform that includes both applications and technology. Industry analysts refer to this type of integrated platform offering as an "applistructure" (applications + infrastructure). According to SAP, this approach is driven by industry's need to lower IT costs through an enterprise architecture that is at once (1) more flexible; (2) better integrated with applications; (3) built on open standards to ensure future interoperability and broad integration; and, (4) provided by a vendor that is financially viable for the long term.


SAPGUI is the GUI client in SAP R/3's 3-tier architecture of database, application server and client. It is software that runs on a Microsoft Windows, Apple Macintosh or Unix desktop, and allows a user to access SAP functionality in SAP applications such as mySAP ERP and SAP Business Information Warehouse (now called SAP Business Intelligence). It is the platform used for remote access to the SAP central server in a company network.

List of SAP products

This present a list of products of the enterprise software company SAP AG

  • SAP
    • Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
    • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
    • Product Life cycle Management (PLM)
    • Supply Chain Management (SCM)
    • Supplier Relationship Management (SRM)

Major Enterprise Applications - SAP

SAP's products focus on Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), which it helped to pioneer. The company's main product is SAP ERP

SAP ERP is the one of five major enterprise applications that makes up SAP's Business Suite. The four other applications are:

* customer relationship management (CRM) - helps companies acquire and retain customers, gain deep marketing and customer insight, and align organization on customer-focused strategies
* product life cycle management (PLM) - helps manufacturers with a single source of all product-related information necessary for collaborating with business partners and supporting product lines
* supply chain management (SCM) - helps companies enhance operational flexibility across global enterprises and provide real-time visibility for customers and suppliers
* supplier relationship management (SRM) - customers can collaborate closely with suppliers and integrate sourcing processes with applications throughout the enterprise to enhance transparency and lower costs


SAP is the name of the company founded in 1972 under the German name (Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing) is the leading ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software package.

started in 1972 by five former IBM employees in Mannheim, Germany, states that it is the world's largest inter-enterprise software company and the world's fourth-largest independent software supplier, overall.

The original name for SAP was German: Systeme, Anwendungen, Produkte, German for "Systems Applications and Products." The original SAP idea was to provide customers with the ability to interact with a common corporate database for a comprehensive range of applications. Gradually, the applications have been assembled and today many corporations, including IBM and Microsoft, are using SAP products to run their own businesses.

SAP is often used as term for SAP's ERP System mySAP, or for the older release R/3. SAP offers a wide range of solutions around their ERP system like a CRM system, Solution Manager, an Exchange Infrastructure, Portal functionality and more.

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